Signing Resolutions

The Aegir co-op's bylaws, policies, and other documents of similar import, must remain un-altered, except by decision of a properly constituted assembly of members. We use git to keep a history of changes to the documents contained in this repository. To ensure the validity of such changes, we propose the following tools and processes.



Git allows for signing tags and commits, thereby ensuring the identity of the user. Branching allows for alterations to a "copy" of the documents, leaving the "originals" unchanged. Once a set of changes has been agreed upon, it can be merged back into the original document, to form a new revision.

One limitation worth noting, is that git only allows a single signature on each commit or tag.


GPG allows for the creation, validation and sharing of keys that help to ensure the identity of signatures applied to messages or documents.

GNU Make

GNU Make is a ubiquitous build tool, usually reserved for compiling software reliably and efficiently. In this context, it could be used to simplify the procedures below, automating and standardizing various steps.


New user

  1. Install the required software
  2. Read and understand the various procedures we use for signing documents
  3. Generate a new key.
  4. Have other members sign your key.

Modifications to bylaws

Changing bylaws can only be done in General Assemblies (TODO: Add ref/link). Only members present at AGAs are eligible to vote, so a cryptographically secure signing method may well be irrelevant.

Provisional modifications to bylaws

The Board of Directors and/or Extra-ordinary General Assemblies may make provisional modifications to bylaws, so long as they are then ratified at the next Annual General Assembly. (TODO: Add ref/link)

Revision phase

  1. Create a new branch to contain the alterations to the bylaws. (TODO: decide on a naming convention)
  2. Revise the relevant sections of the by-laws.
  3. Commit changes.

Proposal phase

  1. Draft a resolution specifying the changes (perhaps using a pair of commits to diff, e.g. , 2EA4G9..1FE489)
  2. Commit the resolution.
  3. The Proposer of the resolution, adds her name to the resolution and commits with a signature.
  4. Any Seconders (co-proposers) add their names to the resolution, and commit with their signatures.
  5. The secretary of the vote adds his signature in that capacity.

Deciding phase

  1. Each eligible member adds their name to the 'yea', 'nay' or 'abstain' lists, and commits with a signature.
  2. The secretary of the vote tallies the votes and verifies the signatures.
  3. The secretary of the vote adds his signature, in that capacity, to validate the decision.

Execution phase

  1. If so decided, the branch containing the revisions is merged into the official branch.
  2. Documentation is rebuilt and pushed for publication.

Board of Directors resolutions

Mostly the same as above, except without references to changes in bylaws.

Proposed GNU Make goals and targets

Instead of having a single document containing signatures, we could use filesystem layout. For example, the following structure could make for relatively simple Make targets:

└── resolutions
    └── 2016a
        ├── proposers
        │   ├── cameron_eagans
        │   └── christopher_gervais
        ├── secretary
        │   ├── 1_validate
        │   │   └── guillaume_boudrias
        │   ├── 2_tally
        │   │   └── guillaume_boudrias
        │   └── 3_verify
        │       └── guillaume_boudrias
        └── votes
            ├── cameron_eagans
            ├── christopher_gervais
            ├── guillaume_boudrias
            └── mathieu_lutfy


  • Add some Make targets to create the above structure, and manage the overall decision workflow.